Obesity and kidney disease: Hidden consequences of the epidemic.Authors:
Csaba P. Kovesdy, Susan Furth and Carmine Zoccali.
Arch. Esp. Urol. 2017; 70 (2): 311-321
Vol. 70, Number. 2, March 2017
Obesity has become a worldwide
epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow
by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence
has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular
disease and also for Chronic Kidney Disease. A high
body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors
for new-onset Chronic Kidney Disease. In individuals
affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration
occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular
pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of
developing Chronic Kidney Disease in the long-term.
The incidence of obesity-related glomerulopathy has
increased ten-fold in recent years. Obesity has also
been shown to be a risk factor for nephrolithiasis, and
for a number of malignancies including kidney cancer.
This year the World Kidney Day promotes education on
the harmful consequences of obesity and its association
with kidney disease, advocating healthy lifestyle and
health policy measures that makes preventive behaviors
an affordable option.
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