Epidemiology of urinary lithiasis in Spain: New scenarios.Authors:
Julia Carrasco Valiente, Enrique Gómez Gómez y María José Requena Tapia.
Arch. Esp. Urol. 2017; 70 (1): 3-11
Vol. 70, Number. 1, Jan/Feb 2017
Renal lithiasis is one of the most common
disorders in modern society, constituting an important
health problem that associates a great economic burden.
The nature of stone disease varies according to age
and sex, being also influenced by dietary and lifestyle
factors, and climatic variations among others. In spite of
the advances made in the management of this pathology,
it continues being a disease with a high recurrence rate.
In recent years, several studies have pointed out that its
prevalence is rising especially in developed countries.
This increase seems to be fundamentally due to changes
in dietary habits and lifestyle, although other factors such
as migratory flows from rural areas to major cities, and a
rise in global temperatures may also be involved.
In the present article, we discuss the main factors that
seem to influence today the epidemiology of urinary
litiasis, as well as the aforementioned increase of
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