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Artículo Tomo 71, Número. 5, Junio 2018

Archivos Españoles de Urología

Malpractice in Urology: lessons of clinical and legal safety.

Authors: César Vargas-Blasco, Esperanza L. Gómez-Durán, Carles Martin-Fumadó y Josep Arimany-Manso.

Arch. Esp. Urol. 2018; 71 (5): 459-465

Vol. 71, Number. 5, June 2018

OBJECTIVES: Data about urology malpractice claims in our environment are scarce and should be considered a potential opportunity to “learn from errors”. METHODS: We analyzed every claim for alleged malpractice in Urology managed by the Council of Medical Colleges of Catalonia between 1990 and 2012, and specifically evaluated the clinical and medicolegal features of those cases with medical professional responsibility. RESULTS: We identified 182 cases in 22 years, but only the 25,74% showed professional liability. Testicular torsion misdiagnosis, pregnancies after vasectomy and complications of lithiasis should be noted for their frequency of claims and rate of liability. 246 physicians were involved, 89% were males and mean age was 45.6 years. Most cases (n=137, 75.27%) were processed in the courts. DISCUSSION: Urology has a medium risk of claims, with a moderate rate of medical professional liability and amount of compensation. There are specific actions that would lead to clinical safety improvements, particularly in testicular pathologies, vasectomy and lithiasis. Finally, more attention should be paid to proper patient information.

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