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Artículo Tomo 70, Número. 9, Noviembre 2017

Archivos Españoles de Urología

Does using alprazolam during outpatient flexible cystoscopy decrease anxiety and pain?

Authors: Tayyar Alp Ozkan, Sefik Koprulu, Ayhan Karakose, Ozdal Dillioglugil and Ibrahim Cevik.

Arch. Esp. Urol. 2017; 70 (9): 800-805

Vol. 70, Number. 9, November 2017

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of pre-operative alprazolam medication on anxiety and pain in flexible cystoscopy for bladder cancer follow-up.

METHODS: A total of 86 male patients who had flexible cystoscopy for bladder cancer follow-up at 6th and 9th months were included in the study. A visual analog scale (VAS) pain score and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were used. The 6th (VAS-1) and 9th (VAS-2) month pain scores and 6th month STAI score (STAI-1) and, 9th month STAI score before (STAI-2a) and after alprazolam (0.5 mg) intake (STAI-2b) were compared.

RESULTS: The mean age was 66.49±12.45 years. Patients were grouped by age≤65 (Group-1) and age≥66 (Group-2). Mean VAS score for VAS-1 and VAS-2 were 2.66±0.96 and 2.44±1.05, respectively (p=0.007). The mean VAS-1 and VAS-2 scores in Group 1 were 3.0±1.05 and 2.73±1.18, respectively (p=0.009). The mean VAS-1 and VAS-2 scores in Group 2 were 2.36±0.77 and 2.17±0.86 respectively (p=0.031). The differences between mean anxiety scores were all statistically significant. All STAI (1, 2a, and 2b) and VAS (1 and 2) scores in Group-1 were statistically significantly higher than Group-2. Increasing STAI score is associated with a statistically significant increase in the VAS scores in the 0.50 and 0.75 quantiles (p=0.021 and p=0.039, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Using alprazolam before flexible cystoscopy reduces both anxiety (STAI-1 vs STAI-2b) and pain (VAS-1 vs VAS-2). Previous cystoscopy experience reduces anxiety (STAI-2a vs. STAI-2b). Elderly patients have less anxiety and pain scores than younger patients in flexible cystoscopy.

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